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Tag: hizbiyyah

None of the Companions said, ‘I’m a Bakri … I’m an Umari …’


 

“When the Companions came across an issue for which they didn’t know the ruling, they would ask Abu Bakr [about it] when they met him, they would ask Umar, they would ask Ibn Mas’ood and so on. There wasn’t anyone among them who would say, ‘I’m a Bakri,’ i.e., I don’t believe in anything except Abu Bakr’s knowledge, or, ‘I’m an Umari! I don’t believe in anything except Umar’s knowledge!’

Rather, they would ask whoever amongst them was from the people of the message [Ahlul-dhikr]—and this is how it is fitting that the course of action should be, for all good is in following the Salaf and all evil is in the innovations of those who came later [the khalaf].

When the affair became one of partisanship [hizbiyyah] to a school of thought, each person became partisan to an Imaam and fanatical towards him.”

Silsilatul-Hudaa wan-Noor, 1/219.

Hizbiyyah That Resembles Taking Rabbis and Monks as Lords Besides Allaah


 

The Imaam said, “And it has reached the extent that one of those factions [hizbs] made it obligatory on all its members to adopt any opinion the hizb adopts, whatever that opinion maybe–even if it has no value from an Islamic point of view–and if that individual is not convinced with a particular opinion of the hizb, he is excommunicated and is not regarded as being part of the hizb, [a hizb] which calls itself a [so called], ‘Islamic’ one.

And what that means is that they are going back to what resembles the Jews and the Christians when they follow whatever their rabbis and monks make halaal or haram, for indeed Allaah, the Most High, has said, “They have taken their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allaah and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God–there is no deity [who has the right to be worshipped] except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.”[Tawbah 9:31]

Silsilatul-Hudaa wan-Noor, 1/320.

Al-Albaani on Distancing Ourselves From Disgusting Bigotry and Offensive Harshness


Questioner: O Shaikh, may Allaah bless you! Regarding the youth that Allaah has blessed with the Salafi Da’wah, and those who have united on the fundamentals, but when they differ regarding some of the subsidiary issues you find that they have enmity in that? And likewise what is your advice regarding the youth whether it be those who associate themselves with the other Islamic calls or those who have associated [themselves] with the Salafi call and who stage protests and call out their slogans, is this from the methodology of the Salaf or not?

Al-Albaani: As for the students of knowledge who study the two fundamentals, i.e., Usoolul-Hadith and Usoolul-Fiqh, then these people have to implement the subsidiary affairs according to the usool [they have learnt], and they must not blindly-follow anyone from Allaah’s creation but should benefit from each scholar of the Salaf who were on the Book and the Sunnah and the methodology of the Companions and those who followed them in good, this is my advice to the students of knowledge.

From another angle it is obligatory that we distance ourselves from [this] disgusting bigotry and offensive harshness and that we do not become enemies … that we do not have enmity towards each other because of hizbiyyah and [because of] gathering [the people] or affiliation to one of the groups, and it is fitting that we advise each other and show each other love/affection.

And that when we see some people are far from the Book and the Sunnah in practice even if in affiliation, verbally, they have taken as methodology the Book and the Sunnah, if we see that in action they are far away from that then it is upon us to be gentle with them and to call them to be with us in implementing what we all verbally affiliate ourselves to, that we [practically] make it the methodology of our lives, calling them as He the Most High said, Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. [An-Nahl 16:125]

As for shouting out slogans, [a method] which some of the groups adopt, then in reality this, as has preceded in the previous repudiation of it, was something not present in all [previous] generations–I don’t just say [that it was not present] amongst the Salaf as-Saalih only who are our proof and our example, but that in fact such slogans were not present in the generations that came after them.

We have copied such shouting slogans from the Westerners and the disbelievers and the polytheists who do not have a methodology that was sent down by Allaah the Blessed and Most High, so every day they are upon innovation, rather misguidance.

So it is upon the Muslims to emulate what the Salaf as-Saalih alone were upon and not to increase upon that in any way.

These protests remind me of another custom of some people: when they enter a gathering and those in it are sitting and the person who enters is able to [go around, there being room, and] shake hands with each person, then [what they do is that] every time he gives salaam to one person he follows it up with another for the next person, and so on until he finishes shaking hands with all of them, this also is an innovation, an additional innovation [bid’ah idaafiyyah].

Because the Sunnah is that when a Muslim enters a gathering he gives salaam one time, [saying], ‘As-Salaamu alaikum … [or] As-Salaamu alaikum wa Rahmatullaah … [or] As-Salaamu alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu …’ and [then] if he is able to shake their hands then doing so is a sunnah due to the saying of some of the Companions, ‘We never met Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم except that we shook hands.’

And there is another hadith in Sunan at-Tirmidhee, I will mention it because of its total connection to this topic so that we can kill two birds with one stone, meaning it’s connected to what we are talking about, its chain of narration is weak, and it is, ‘From the completion of the greeting is to shake hands.’ So when a person enters, the Sunnah is that he gives salaam one time and then if it is possible for him to shake hands with those present then that is better, and better because of the authentic hadith which I just mentioned now concerning his action in that regard عليه السلام [i.e., the first hadith mentioned about the Companions above].

And for this reason, the weak hadith … regarding weak hadith like this one it is possible to say that it can be acted upon in relation to the excellence of performing certain actions [fadaa’ilul-a’maal], and this is a very fine and sensitive point which many of those who hold that weak hadith can be used regarding the excellence of performing certain actions are unmindful of.

Because in reality by the statement that, ‘It is permissible to act upon a weak hadith regarding the excellence of performing certain actions,’ they mean that it is permissible to establish the legitimacy and excellence of an action in the Sharee’ah through a weak hadith–and no scholar says this, for it is to make something part of the Sharee’ah through a weak hadith.

And the scholars are united, except some of the ones who came later who have taken an anomalous stance, like some of the Ghumaaris and their likes who said that it is permissible to establish a legislated ruling with weak hadiths, and they thought that the Imaams–and this is a lie and fabrication against them–established rulings with weak hadiths. 

And these people were heedless of or wilfully ignored this … Allaah knows best as to what their intentions were … because some of the Imaams may establish a ruling without any hadith at all but instead based upon deductive analogy [qiyaas], and putting aside whether such qiyaas was correct or not, that being another issue, it is not allowed for us to say that they established legislative rulings with weak hadiths.

So if the ones who say that it is permissible to act upon a weak hadith regarding the excellence of performing certain actions [means] to legislate actions which have an excellence in the Sharee’ah with a weak hadith–then no scholar says this.

But if they mean that it is permissible to act upon a weak hadith regarding the excellence of performing certain actions which have already been established in the Sharee’ah with a proof which is qualified to be used as a proof in the Sharee’ah, and then they came with a weak hadith which established a [type of] excellence for this [action] already established by an authentic hadith, then there is no objection to that, and this example has [already] come to you [i.e., the one about shaking the hands].

‘We never met except that we shook hands,’ [which is an authentic narration, and then], ‘From the completion of the greeting is to shake hands,’ [which is weak].

So when he met them there is no doubt that he would give them salaam and then shake hands. So from the greeting’s perfection is to shake hands, so there is no harm in shaking hands as a completion of the greeting–but we do not establish this through a weak hadith, we do so through all of the hadiths regarding the obligation of giving salaam, and I mean what I say … ‘the obligation’ of giving salaam, and not just that it is a sunnah, because the Prophet said, ‘When you meet him then give him salaam,’ so when the Prophet met his Companions he for sure gave salaam to them and [this is also shown through] this hadith which we mentioned, that, ‘We never met except that we shook hands.’

Thus, it has been established from both of these hadiths at the very least that shaking hands is from the completion of the legislated greeting, and so if a hadith like this comes along and we mention it whilst making its weakness clear then there is no harm in that, and it is a good example of the permissibility of acting upon a weak hadith concerning the excellence of certain actions which have [already] been established not through a weak hadith but an authentic one.

This is what comes to me as an answer to the previous question.

Questioner: … also as a caution … for the youth …

Al-Albaani: Please go ahead …

Liqaa’aat al-Madinah, 3.

Al-Albaani asked about al-Banna | 17 | He was not a Scholar Either and a Mention of Blind Hizbiyyah


Questioner: I read [a transcription of] this tape, the topic being the Book and the Sunnah, a topic which in reality there has been much debate and argument over, and the centre of the argumentation and debate is this: some of the brothers in the Islamic world will say to you, ‘I take from the Book and the Sunnah as explained by one of the Imaams,’ for example, Hasan al-Banna, may Allaah have mercy on him.

Al-Albaani: Who?

Questioner: Hasan al-Banna.

Al-Albaani: Okay, yes.

Quesrtioner: You will find his followers now, namely, we’ve heard people say, ‘My brother, I only completely take what Hasan al-Banna said,’ okay, my brother, go back to the Book and the Sunnah … following on from that he will not take from the Book and the Sunnah, and there are many who say such things … okay, all of you say, ‘the Book and the Sunnah,’ [but] come and sit with one of them and the first thing they do is fight, okay, then where is the Book and the Sunnah amongst you?

Al-Albaani: Why do they fight? Because they are hizbis who are not united. Thereafter, [this statement that], ‘Hasan al-Banna is on the Book and the Sunnah,’ this term, ‘The Book and the Sunnah,’ is one which is only made up of a few words but the entire life of a Muslim, every aspect of it, comes under it.

And all claim Laylaa’s love
but Laylaa doesn’t acknowledge it for any of them

Hasan al-Banna, is not a man of knowledge, he was just a man of da’wah, and Allaah benefitted the Muslim youth through him by saving them from the cafe’s and cinemas and so on, there is no doubt or uncertainty about that.

But where are the books of Hasan al-Banna which show his knowledge? His father whose name was Abdur-Rahmaan has some books which show [us] his knowledge, but his son Hasan al-Banna doesn’t have anything other than a few small booklets. These small booklets are like a methodology for his da’wah but they do not show us that the man was a scholar.

So he [i.e., the person you mentioned in the question] will say to you that, ‘I am on the Book and the Sunnah and the methodology of Hasan al-Banna,’ this is proof that his eyes are closed and that he has submitted to the desire of blind hizbiyyah [simply] because, ‘he is Hasan al-Banna.’

Hasan al-Banna has a small book about words of remembrance [adhkaar].

Questioner: Al-Ma’thuraat.

Al-Albaani: It’s called, ‘Al-Ma’thuraat,’ very small, I don’t know have you seen it? One of the heads of the Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon in Syria put it to me to check this book and have it printed with a knowledge-based checking, because he trusted me as someone who specialises in the science of hadith.

I told him I would do so but that I feared my efforts would go to waste. He asked why and so I told him that it was his religious and knowledge-based sentiments which made him make such a suggestion, that I should check Hasan al-Banna’s book, but that the way of hizbiyyah will not let it pass for when it is said to the Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon that here is Hasan al-Banna’s book with al-Albaani’s checking, they will put an end to it, because it is very hard and painful for them to see a book by al-Banna with the checking of al-Albaani, why?

Because there is bigotry and blind partisanship … and [indeed that is what happened,] the book was not printed except as Hasan al-Banna, may Allaah have mercy on him, composed it [without al-Albaani’s checking]. What’s in this book? It contains [hadith] from books of the scholars of old, and fiqh of some of the hadiths about adhkaar and ma’thuraat, as far as I can tell, [but] not according to the principles of [the science of] hadith–because he was not from the people of hadith, his father was from the people of hadith somewhat, but he wasn’t. Whereas Ahmad Shaakir was also an Egyptian [but] he was an Imaam in this field of knowledge.

So Hasan al-Banna selected [content for his book], ‘Al-Ma’thuraat,’ as he liked, not based upon knowledge, yet even so you will find people who are bigoted for Hasan al-Banna, this bigotry did not come about due to knowledge at all, [but rather] from blind hizbiyyah, and I said recently that you will see major [members] of the Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon cut off the connection between themselves and the Messenger عليه السلام and [instead] make their connection with Hasan al-Banna …

So you will find that amongst the Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon the religious one or the one who does not want to shave his beard will let a small one grow and make it just like that of Hasan al-Banna. Yaa Jamaa’ah, where are you in relation to the Messenger who is the example [that should be followed] and he is the one about whom our Lord said in the Noble Quraan, “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allaah an excellent example …” [Ahzaab 33:21] The defect is that they are not acquainted with the Messenger’s life.

Questioner: For who?

Al-Albaani: Sorry?

Questioner: For who, “… an excellent example for anyone who …”

Al-Albaani: Aah, may Allaah bless you, “… for anyone whose hope is in Allaah and the Last Day …” [Ahzaab 33:21]

So they cut off from the Messenger عليه السلام due to their turning away from studying the Sunnah and due to their preoccupation with politics, sociology, economics, and their calls which are nothing but shouting.

Leave the Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon and look at ‘Shabaab Muhammad,’ [they are even] further and further away, their religion is sport and football and basketball, and I don’t know which other such sports there are, would that it were in the way of clinging to the Sunnah and strengthening the foundation, because the Prophet عليه السلام said, “The strong believer is more beloved to Allaah than the weak one, and in all there is good.”

It is not from Islaam that the Muslim imitates the disbelievers, it is not from Islamic manners that he uncovers his thigh, it is not from Islamic manners that he wears the uniform of Jewish scouts, you can’t unless you uncover your thigh, what is this blind following?

It is a confirmation of his saying عليه السلام regarding the ignorant amongst the Muslims, “You will certainly follow the ways of those nations who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit, so much so that even if they entered a lizard hole, you would follow them.”

Questioner: Yes.

Al-Albaani: Aah.

Questioner: Sorry Shaikh, could I ask you a quick question?

Al-Albaani: Please do.

Questioner: In the past we read in some hadiths that …

On Harshness | 12 | Having Bigotry Towards Shaikhs


 

Questioner: There are some youth with us who initially used to feel comfortable with/go to one of the scholars and another group would feel comfortable with/go to a different one. Then the situation escalated until partisanship occurred, i.e., all of them became partisan to a scholar, such that they would start to have enmity and would not sit with each other?

Al-Albaani: Of course, this is not permitted in Islaam. We always say that there is no partisanship in Islaam. Islaam forbids this factionalism.

Because this person who clings to the opinion of a certain scholar and that other person who holds on to the opinion of a different scholar–neither this scholar nor that other one are infallible as the Prophets and Messengers were.

For this reason the Muslims should live upon mutual love and [by giving] advice one to another and not show partisanship to any person in the world, except one–and that is the Prophet of Allaah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.

The most a Muslim can do is to trust in a scholar, [trust] in his knowledge, and the fact that he is, for example, distant from the vanities of this world and from jobs in the government which very often are the cause in leading an employee to deviate from the knowledge which he calls the people to.

So when a Muslim sees that a scholar is more knowledgeable, has more taqwaa and so on than another, there is no objection to him taking the opinion of that scholar but without slandering the other one.

So it is [a must] for them to be … as is said, believers are sincere advisors, [they] advise one other, so when one of them sees that such and such a scholar is more knowledge than so and so, because he presents proofs and evidences and so on … so that they come together and do not be enemies.

The important thing is that partisanship has been forbidden in Islaam through the text of the Noble Quraan, because it leads to the division, hatred and enmity that I have mentioned. And Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, says, And do not be of those who associate others with Allaah. [Or] of those who have divided their religion and become sects, every faction rejoicing in what it has. Ruum 30:31-32

And in an authentic hadith in Muslim and others, [there occurs], “… do not hate each other, and do not desert [cut your relations with] one another.  And be brothers as Allaah ordered you to be …” or as he said عليه الصلاة والسلام.

So this is how the Muslims must live, especially under these regimes which try to turn them away from their religion and their manners.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 573.

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