The Albaani Site

Allah have Mercy on Him

On An Angel Spending the Night with You if You Go to Sleep with Wudoo


 

The Prophet ﷺ said, “Purify these bodies, may Allaah purify you, for there is no servant who spends the night in a state of purification except that an angel spends the night with him, in the garment which is closest to his body*, [and] he does not turn over at any time during the night except that the angel says, ‘O Allaah! Forgive Your servant for he went to sleep in a state of purification.’”

Saheeh al-Jaami, 3963, Al-Albaani said, “Hasan.” * See Faid al-Qadeer, no. 5278.

Shaikh al-Albaani Teaching a Young Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq al-Badr About Giving Salaam


 

Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq al-Abbaad said, “Then he mentioned this mowqoof hadith from Abu Hurairah, may Allaah be pleased with him, “Let whoever meets his brother give him salaam,” you meet one of your brothers on the road, you give salaam to him, and then if you’re both going along together, walking together, and a palm-tree, a tree, a pillar, a car, or anything else comes between you, when you meet up again after this small separation, you give salaam to him, and this is a sunnah many people are heedless of, either because they don’t know it, or they don’t give attention to implementing it.

So he said, “Let whoever meets his brother give him salaam, then if a tree or a wall comes between them after which they meet [again], then give him salaam.

A proof of this is the Prophet’s ﷺ statement where he said, “Spread the salaam among each other,” i.e., let the salaam be widespread amongst you even after the smallest separation, even after the smallest parting, even if you were only separated from your brother for a short moment, a tree [for example] came between you both, or a pillar, a pole, a car, an animal, or anything else—then give salaam, spread salaam.

Namely, be eager to spread salaam among your brothers even if the gap between you wasn’t a long one, even if you only went away for a short moment and then returned, as is mentioned in the hadith of the man who didn’t perform his prayer correctly, he prayed and then came to where the Prophet ﷺ was sitting and gave salaam, and the Prophet ﷺ said to him, “Go back and pray because you haven’t prayed,” so he went away and prayed, close to them in the mosque, then came back [again] and gave salaam, the Prophet ﷺ said to him, “Go back and pray because you haven’t prayed,” so he went and prayed again close by them, then came back and gave salaam. So giving salaam is something required even if the gap is a short one ...

And I recall being next to Shaikh al-Albaani, may Allaah have mercy on him, here in Medinah when I was young, walking next to him, only me and him, a pillar came between him and I and after we passed it he looked at me smiling and said, “As-Salaamu alaikum,” I said, “Wa alaikum salaam,” then he asked me, “Why did I give you salaam?”—I never knew this hadith and hadn’t come across it before—[so he asked], “Why did I give you salaam?” So I smiled and said, “The salaam is something good.” And then he mentioned this hadith to me, so the first time I got to know this hadith was through the Shaikh, may Allaah have mercy on him.

So the point is a Muslim should be keen to spread the salaam even if the gap is short or minor so as to gain these great rewards and good deeds.”

Al-Albaani Fasting Mondays and Thursdays


“From the day I met him, and maybe this is also true before my meeting him, I never knew him to miss fasting Mondays and Thursdays whether in summer or winter, unless he was travelling or sick.”

Muhaddithul-’Asr, Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani, p. 40.

Al-Albaani on True Love


 

Questioner: Someone who loves a person for the sake of Allaah, must he say, “I love you for the sake of Allaah,” to him?

Al-Albaani: Yes, but loving [someone] for the sake of Allaah has a huge price, only very few people pay it. Do you know what the price [to be paid] for loving someone for Allaah’s sake is? Do any of you know the price?

Let whoever knows give us the answer.

Someone present: Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “There are seven whom Allaah will shade with His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His …” one of the categories mentioned are two men who love each other for Allaah’s sake, who get together for that reason and part for it too.

Al-Albaani: This is correct in and of itself but it is not the answer to the question, it’s an approximate definition of loving for the sake of Allaah but not a conclusive one.

My question was what is the price that two people who love each other for the sake of Allaah must give one another? And I’m not referring to the reward in the Hereafter. What I’m getting at from the question is what is the practical proof that two people love each other for the sake of Allaah? Because two people may love each other but their love is nominal, not real.

So what is the proof of true love?

Someone present: “That he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.”

Al-Albaani: This is the characteristic of love or [at the very least] one of the characteristics of love …

Someone else: Allaah said, “Say: ‘If you love Allaah, then follow me and He will love you.’” [Aali-’Imraan 3:31]

Al-Albaani: This is the correct answer to another question.

Someone present: Maybe the answer can be found in the authentic hadith, “There are three things if found in a person, he will experience the sweetness of faith …” one of which is two people who love each other for Allaah’s sake.

Al-Albaani: This is the effect of loving someone for the sake of Allaah, [that you find] a [certain] sweetness in your heart.

Someone present: The Most High said, “By Time! Indeed, mankind is in loss. Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.” [Surah Asr 103]

Al-Albaani: Well done. That is the answer.

And an explanation of that is that if I really love you for the sake of Allaah I would persist in advising you, and you would do the same. Persevering in advising one another is very rare between those who claim to love each other, this love might have some sincerity in it, but it is not complete, because we try to make an allowance for the other, afraid that the other person will become angry, that he will flee … and so on.

It is in light of this that [you can see that] the cost of loving someone for the sake of Allaah is that each person shows sincerity towards the other by advising him, always and forever telling him to do good and preventing him from bad—he is more constant in advising him than that person’s own shadow is close—for this reason it has been authentically reported that when parting from one another, one of the habits of the Companions was that one of them would read to the other, “By Time! Indeed, mankind is in loss. Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.” [Surah Asr 103]

Al-Haawi min Fataawaa al-Albaani, pp. 165-166.

How to Make up for the Eed Prayer if You Miss it with A Valid Excuse


Questioner: In his Saheeh, Al-Bukhaari reported in ta’leeq form from ’Ataa that he stated that whoever misses the Eed prayer makes up for it by praying two rak’ahs, but in Al-Fath al-Baari, al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned with an authentic chain of narration that Ibn Mas’ood stated that whoever misses it makes up for it by praying four rak’ahs, what is the stronger opinion in your view?

Al-Albaani: The correct opinion is that he makes up for it in the same manner that it was missed, this is a fiqh principle taken from some wordings reported in the Prophetic Sunnah, the prayer is made up in the same manner that it was missed. The Eed prayer is two rak’ahs, so whoever misses it with a legislated excuse prays it as two rak’ahs just as the Imaam did. Praying it as four rak’ahs is an addition [of two extra rak’ahs] and I do not find anything to support that in the Sunnah.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 376.

Two Valuable Times to Supplicate Today: Supplicating on the Day of Arafah Along with the Excellence of Supplicating Between Dhuhr and Asr on Wednesday


 

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The best of supplications is the supplication of the Day of Arafah. And the best of what I and the Prophets before me have said is, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, Alone, without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him belongs the Praise.’ (Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa sharika lahu, lahul-mulku walahul-hamdu, wa huwa alaa kulli shai’in qadir.)”
[As-Saheehah, 1503]

And Jaabir ibn Abdullaah said, “The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم made supplication in this mosque, the Mosque of Victory (Masjid al-Fath in Medinah), on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday and his supplication was answered for him between the two prayers (of Dhuhr and Asr) on Wednesday.” Jaabir said, “Whenever anything severe and serious befell me and I singled out that time and made supplication to Allaah concerning it between the two prayers on Wednesday, I found the answer.”
[Hasan, Saheeh Al-Adabul-Mufrad, no. 704]

On University Graduates Issuing Fatwas


Questioner [asking about a fiqh principle about how to weigh issues and make choices as to which one has the greater or lesser harm]: I wanted [you] to clarify something which you have partially cleared up, about whether it is allowed, for example, for a student of knowledge who has graduated from a university with a degree in Shari’ah studies to implement this fiqh principle and these rulings?

Al-Albaani: No, it is not allowed, and I didn’t partially answer you, I fully answered you, saying that it is only allowed for someone who is a scholar versed in the Book and the Sunnah on the one hand and on the other that he be known for his righteousness and taqwaa—and it is not possible for us to testify as such for a youth who has just graduated in this new manner until many, very long, long years have passed such that he grows old in knowledge and in [fiqh] and the authentic Sunnah, then it may possibly be said that he is able to implement this principle.

Questioner: Jazakallaahu khair.

Fataawaa Jeddah, 16.

Al-Albaani’s Humility


 

The Imaam said, “But there is a detailed issue here to which attention must be paid, especially by those of you who are, like me, students of knowledge …”

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 306.

Al-Albaani’s Son Passes Away


Shaikh al-Albaani’s son, Abdul-Musowwir al-Albaani passed away today, rahimahullaah.

Al-Albaani Not Even Calling Himself Shaikh


 

Addressing a questioner, the Imaam said, “Because you are a student of knowledge like me …” and then the questioner responded, “No, I’m not like you …”

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 753.

See here for what the scholars said about him.

On The Incorrect Understanding of the Day of Eed and the Extremes that People Go To


 

Questioner: … how can we celebrate eed, for example? I remind you, inshaa Allaah, of the hadith of the Abysinnians and the hadith of Aaishah when the Prophet ﷺ entered the room where she was and there were two girls there who were singing …

Al-Albaani: Yes, the first thing is that this expression, Celebrating Eed,’ is not an Islamic one, there is no celebration/festival, and [secondly] this is something which has been added to Islaam—there is only ‘Eed’ as he ﷺ said to Abu Bakr in the story which you alluded to [in your question], “Leave them, O Abu Bakr! For every nation has an Eed and this is our Eed.”

So before anything the Muslims concern themselves with performing the Eed prayer in the musalla if they are able to, and if not then in the mosque …

As for those things which are permissible, then they are [the same things which are] permissible in all times and places, only that out of His Extensive Wisdom our Lord عز وجل allowed the beating of the daff alone, nothing else, during weddings and on the day of eed.

But this doesn’t mean that we hold celebrations/festivals as the Europeans do and as we have seen in public squares and general gatherings, where they bring music and horns and the likes, dancing and singing and … and … etc., none of that is from Islaam.

This allowance which the Prophet ﷺ made is an individual allowance, as you saw or read in the hadith of the two girls the Prophet didn’t celebrate, Abu Bakr didn’t celebrate, Umar didn’t celebrate, if it is that you want to use this word ‘celebrate.’

It was only that when a young girl wanted to beat the daff, and the daff alone, nothing else, it was then not allowed for the elders to refuse that. That is what happened, and this is what is endorsed and it is not allowed to refuse that—as for us building lofty mansions and palaces based on that, and celebrations and music and so on, then this is taking it to a level which is not legislated, as agreed upon by the scholars.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 322.

On Preparing for Death


 

Questioner: Is someone who dies suddenly regarded as a martyr or not?

Al-Albaani: A martyr? Inshaa Allaah such a death will not be one of regret.

Questioner: What do you mean by a death of regret?

Al-Albaani: The situation differs from person to person. A sudden death with regards to someone who was ready to meet Allaah عز وجل and who had carried out the rights that were obligatory on him, whether those are the rights of Allaah like praying and fasting, or the rights of Allaah’s servants like zakaah, giving in charity and so on—if he had carried out all of these obligatory duties and didn’t have any debt and then died suddenly then there is nothing on him [in terms of regret]. But if he was an open sinner, or a criminal or was someone who fell short and then died a sudden death, then that is a death of regret, because he didn’t prepare for a death like that.

For this reason it is obligatory for a Muslim to always be prepared for that hour which could surprise him, and that is why he ﷺ said, “Whoever loves to meet Allaah, Allaah loves to meet him, and whoever hates to meet Allaah, Allaah hates to meet him.”

Any other questions?

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 322.

Al-Albaani’s Reaction to Someone Calling Himself Shaikh


 

Al-Huwaini said, “And I won’t forget what happened to me with our Shaikh … Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani, may Allaah protect him and allow us to enjoy his presence, when as a gift I gave him [a book called], ‘Kitaab al-Ba’th’ by Ibn Abi Dawud. On its cover the publishers had printed, ‘Its hadiths have been checked by Shaikh al-Huwaini, as-Salafi.’

So he [i.e., al-Albaani] said to me, “What is this?’ as he pointed to the word, “Shaikh.”

So I excused myself telling him that it wasn’t of my doing, he criticised me for it …

… And it is enough that despite the testimony of famous scholars concurring to him [i.e., al-Albaani] being an Imaam in this field he only wrote his name on the cover of his books [without any titles such as Shaikh etc.], even though other people—whose statements alongside his are like the squeaking of a door or the buzzing of a fly—write on their books, “Written by the Imaam, the Haafidh, the Faqeeh, the One Versed in Usool, the Astute, the Mujtahid …” thinking that by doing so they are enumerating Allaah’s Blessings, but this is where one’s foot slips and delusions multiply.”

Badhlul-Ihsaan bi Taqreeb Sunan an-Nisaa’i, vol. 2, p. 11.

Al-Albaani’s Humility


 

“Every time I met him [i.e., Shaikh al-Albaani] I would kiss his hand and he would refuse, when he did so a lot I said to him:

‘We learnt from you in some of your research in As-Saheehah that kissing the hand of a scholar is permissible.’

So he said to me, ‘Have you ever seen a scholar with your own eyes?’

I said, ‘Yes. I’m looking at one right now.’

So he replied, ‘I am only a small student of knowledge. You and I are as that person said, ‘Indeed, in our land, the bugaath has become an eagle.’’” [In another post, the Shaikh used this same example and explained what it meant. Here is the quote, he said, “The reality which I feel from the depth of my soul is that when I hear such speech [i.e., praise] I remember the old proverb, well-known among writers, and it is, “Indeed, in our land, the bugaath has become an eagle,” “Indeed, in our land, the bugaath has become an eagle.”

Maybe the meaning of this speech or this proverb will be hidden from some people. The bugaath is a small bird of no value, so this small bird becomes an eagle in the eyes of the people due to their ignorance of the strength and hugeness of the [real] eagle. So this proverb applies to many of those who, [either] with truth and correctness, or with mistakes and falsehood, call to Islaam.” To see the complete post and more context go here.]
Kitaab Tanbeeh al-Haajid ilaa maa Waqa’a min an-Nadhr fee Kitaab al-Amaajid, p. 17.

And the Imaam said, “I am not the leader of a Jamaa’ah whatsoever—I am only a student of knowledge engaged in researching and verifying, the people of knowledge know the reality of what I’m saying.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 10.

The Imaam said, “… alhamdulillaah, but I will tell you something in addition to that too, the reality is that every beginner student of knowledge, and I used to be one—and maybe I still am—…”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 458.

The Imaam said, “… as will not be hidden from students of knowledge like us …”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 341.

He said, “So, my brother, if some brothers from the people of hadith or those who follow the Salaf oppose someone like me, or, for example, Ibn Baaz—then this is not the criterion/gauge [by which we measure], the criterion is knowledge, whoever knowledge has reached has had the proof established against him.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 799.

Shaikh Esaam Moosa Haadi said, “Some brothers said to him, ‘O Shaikh of ours! There is a man by us who regards you as an enemy and speaks ill of youshould we boycott him?’

So our Shaikh replied, ‘Does he oppose Al-Albaani as a person or does he oppose the ’aqeedah which Al-Albaani holds and calls to? The ’aqeedah of the Book and the Sunnah? If he is showing enmity to the ’aqeedah of the Book and the Sunnah then one is to discuss [such issues] with him and he is to be shown patience. Thereafter if you see that it is beneficial and more advantageous to boycott him, then he is boycotted.

But if he is opposing Al-Albaani as a person whilst he agrees with us on the path of the Book and the Sunnah—then no [he is not to be boycotted].’”
Muhaddithul-Asr, Imaam Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaani Kamaa ’Araftuhu, p. 94, of Esaam Moosaa Haadi.

He said, “And if you see that I have strayed or made a mistake you must advise me …”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 82.

He said, “I am only a student of knowledge. Nothing else.”

And, “I am only, as I always and forever say, a student of knowledge.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 8.

The Supplication said Upon Completing the Recitation of the Quraan During Taraawih Has No Basis Whatsoever



Questioner:
The supplication said upon completing the recitation of the Quraan, especially during taraawih, does it have any basis?

Al-Albaani: No, it has no basis.

Questioner: The supplication said when one finishes reciting the Quraan?

Al-Albaani: Upon completing the recitation of the Quraan … when a Muslim finishes [reciting all of it], it is a Sunnah for him to, or it is mustahab for him to supplicate and gather his family to do so.

As for when the Quraan is completed like this in the prayer, in the night prayer, then this long, extensive du’aa has no basis whatsoever.

Rihlatun-Noor, 19.

Also see Shaikh Uthaimeen’s answer on the same topic here.

On the Permissibility of Sending Salaah on the Prophet in the Du’aa al-Qunut but the Innovation of Extending it Beyond That


 

Questioner: About the Du’aa al-Qunoot in the witr prayer, sending salaah on the Prophet ﷺ is not authentically established, ya’ni, mentioning salaah?

Al-Albaani: The additional part of the narration which is in Sunan an-Nisaa’i is not authentic, but later it became clear to me that some of the Imaams did it in the time of ’Umar ibn al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him, without any criticism from anyone, and so I say it is legitimate.

[But] I still say, [that] because it hasn’t been established in the hadith [specific] about the Qunoot [that] there is a difference between what is negated and what is established: what is negated is that a mention of sending salaah on the Prophet ﷺ is established in the hadith about the qunoot which the Prophet ﷺ taught al-Hasan ibn Abi Taalib. And what is established is that some of the Imaams who used to lead the people in the night prayer in Ramadaan during the time of Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, [used to say it], so we said that that alone [i.e., the addition of the salaah] was permissible.

Questioner: Ya’ni, for example when a person says, “اللهم إني أسألك” (O Allaah! I ask You …)

Al-Albaani: “اللهم اهدني فيمن هديت، وعافني فيمن …” (O Allaah! Guide me among those whom You have guided, and pardon me among those whom …)

Questioner: “اللهم إني أسألك خير ما سألك منه عبدك ونبيك محمد ﷺ، وأعوذ بك من اشر ما استعاذ بك منه عبدك ونبيك محمد ﷺ” (O Allaah! I ask You for the good that Your slave and Prophet has asked You for, and I seek refuge with You from the evil which Your slave and Prophet sought refuge.), if a person says that in the qunoot, and supplicates with a lot of du’aas is that permissible for him or …

Al-Albaani: Such things have not been mentioned in the qunoot, the du’aa al-qunoot is only, “اللهم اهدني فيمن هديت” (O Allaah! Guide me among those whom You have guided.) this is the qunoot of witr.  [See the footnote at the end for the full du’aa al-qunoot the Shaikh is referring to, here he only quotes the first line for the sake of brevity].

Questioner: For example, [in] Ramadaan they read lots of du’aas.

Al-Albaani: Yes, and that has no basis unless a calamity has befallen the Muslims … as for what is to be read as a set routine then the du’aa al-qunoot is, “اللهم اهدني فيمن هديت” (O Allaah! Guide me among those whom You have guided.), and it is not legislated to …

Questioner: Ya’ni, me, for example, at home after rukoo’ can’t I supplicate … after saying, “Sami’Allaahu liman hamidah,” for example, I say, “اللهم إني أسألك خير ما سألك منه محمد ﷺ” or for example I say, “اللهم صل على محمد وآل محمد” at the end of the qunoot, or I make a du’aa saying, “اللهم اجعل القرآن ربيع قلبي” (O Allaah! Make the Quraan the spring of my heart.) or something like that?

Al-Albaani: Nothing is legislated in the [du’aa] al-qunoot of witr except the du’aa al-qunoot which the Prophet ﷺ taught al-Hasan, in this du’aa it is permitted to send salaah on the Prophet ﷺ in accordance with some of the Salaf who were just mentioned, as for adding to this supplication by way of a desire to increase in making du’aa, then this is not legislated … saying unrestricted du’aas, we do not add to the teaching of the Prophet ﷺ.

Questioner: Ya’ni, is this a bid’ah or something of the sort?

Al-Albaani: Of course. Everything which is an addition to the teaching of the Prophet which doesn’t have an extenuating circumstance which permits us to make a supplication like we said concerning [the exception about] calamities, then it is an addition, and additions in matters of worship are innovations.

Questioner: Ya’ni, as you know, for example, in Ramadaan, all the mosques …

Al-Albaani: How can I not know? The Masjid al-Haraam spread this bid’ah in all countries, I know this. So it is not allowed to add anything except due to an extenuating circumstance.

Questioner: There are people whose supplication goes up to half an hour.

Al-Albaani: Yes, there is no doubt or uncertainty that that is an innovation, there is no doubt about it. And people follow what they become accustomed to, so we must return to the Sunnah.

Questioner: What, O Shaikh, what is the form [of the salaah that is said] after, “اللهم اهدني فيمن هديت” (O Allaah! Guide me among those whom You have guided.), ya’ni, we want the complete form …

Al-Albaani: After the well-known qunoot1 [you can say]: “وصلى الله على محمد النبي الأمي وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم”, only.

Fataawaa Raabigh, 6.

1 Which is:

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ، وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ، وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ، وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعطَيْتَ، وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلَا يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ، إِنَّهُ لَا يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ، [وَلَا يَعِزُّ مَنْ عَادَيْتَ]، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ

“O Allaah! Guide me among those whom You have guided, and strengthen me with those whom You have given strength. Take me to Your care with those whom You have taken to Your care. Bless me in what You have given me. Protect me from the evil You have ordained. Surely, You command and are not commanded, and none whom You have committed to Your care shall be humiliated [and none whom You have taken as an enemy shall taste glory]. You are Blessed, Our Lord, and Exalted.”

On Holding the Mushaf During Taraaweeh, A Mention of the Narration of Aaishah and also on Someone Holding the Mushaf Behind the Imaam to Correct Him


 

Al-Albaani: There is an issue which occurs frequently every Ramadaan, i.e., that when many mosque Imaams stand to lead the people in prayer they read from a mushaf directly. This must happen where you are as it does here?

Okay, so I say: is this legislated? As for me, then my answer is no. There are some noble scholars who permit it, saying that it is allowed, and their proof in that is an authentic narration which states that Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, used to have a servant who would lead her in prayer in Ramadaan who would recite from the mushaf, this is an authentic narration.

My answer to this is that this narration does not represent the general manhaj of the Salaf, it represents the opinion of the Mother of the Believers, the [noble] lady Aa’ishah—and she is one for whom it was not obligatory to go to the mosque to pray the obligatory prayers in congregation, let alone the night prayer which is supererogatory. Not only was it not obligatory for her, it was in fact more desirable for her to pray at home. So firstly, this, as I said, does not represent the salafi understanding in this issue in terms of the Salaf comprehensively, men, scholars, students of knowledge and so on. Secondly, this case was specific to Aa’ishah and her servant. So if someone were to say that, “In situations like this it is permitted,” we say that, “It is allowed in compliance with the Mother of the Believers.” As for it to be made a general sunnah for mosque Imaams who lead men in prayer in the mosques, then this is in opposition to what the Salaf were on … …

So the rule is that the Imaams of the mosques lead the people in prayer from what they have memorised, from memory … and in addition to that I say that opening the door to allow mosque Imaams to read from mushafs in the night prayer in Ramadaan leads to the cancellation of an established, legislated Sunnah from the Prophet ﷺ, which is his saying ﷺ, “Keep refreshing your knowledge of the Quraan and make your voice melodious in reciting it, for by the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, it is more inclined to escape from the breasts of men than a camel from its rope.”

“Keep refreshing your knowledge of the Quraan,” means devote your attention to memorising and studying it, because if you don’t it will be lost and go.

So if it is said to mosque Imaams, “There is no need for you to memorise the Quraan … just open the mushaf and put it on a high table and read from it and turn its pages as you pray,” this is a practical dissuasion for them to refresh their knowledge of the Quraan which they had been ordered to do by the Prophet ﷺ.

Thus, this would be from the innovations [bid’ah] which oppose the Sunnah—not only an innovation—but rather an innovation which opposes the Sunnah, and opinion is united in battling against innovations which oppose the Sunnah, if only they knew.

For this reason I do not hold this situation which has now become widespread to be permissible, especially in the Masjid al-Haraam and other mosques around it, [i.e.,] where the Quraan is read from directly, from the noble mushaf.

Questioner: Sometimes a qaari will stand behind them [i.e., behind the Imaam] holding a mushaf so that if the Imaam makes a mistake [he can correct him], so does this have the same ruling?

Al-Albaani: Naturally it has the same ruling. In fact, this is one of the bad results of that practice.

Yes, one time I prayed, I think it was in Taaif, Allaah knows best, behind an Imaam who was reading from the Mushaf—look subhaanallaah, every time when talking about innovations I remember the narration [which says], “No innovation was ever made up except that a Sunnah was wiped out,”what would this Imaam do? When he’d finish [reciting] and wanted to bow, he would put the mushaf under his armpit, picture that, how do you think his rukoo’ would be, his prostration? Like that of a woman according to some madhhabs. What led him to oppose this sunnah or sunnahs? It is the introduction of this innovation, “No innovation was ever made up except that a Sunnah was wiped out.”

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 544.

On Imaams Leading the Night Prayer whilst Reading from a Mushaf


Questioner: During the night prayer is it allowed to read the Quraan from a copy of the mushaf?

Al-Albaani:

And all good is in following those who preceded us
All evil in the innovations of those who came after

Imagine yourselves right now praying the night prayer in the time of ’Umar, who would be leading you? Ubaiy ibn Ka’b.

Questioner: We don’t have an Ubaiy with us.

Al-Albaani: That’s why we must produce an Ubaiy.

Questioner: Until we do, what should we do?

Al-Albaani: Such a method [of holding and reading from the mushaf] will not bring about an Ubaiy or even half an Ubaiy, for this reason, I remind you of the famous hadith, “Keep refreshing your knowledge of the Quraan, for by the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, it is more inclined to escape than a camel from its rope,” keep refreshing your knowledge of the Quraan.

Those people who lead the prayers in the mosque [while reading] from a mushaf, and [I mean] no offense [here] and with respect for any Imaam who leads the people in prayer from a mushaf—I don’t say that these people are lazy [but] I say that at the very least they didn’t carry out this Prophetic order, “Keep refreshing your knowledge of the Quraan.” What does, “keep refreshing,” mean? It is explained in the remainder of the hadith.

If a haafidh does not repeat what he has memorized from the Quraan day and night, it will escape from him just as a runaway camel does from its rope. It is well known amongst camel herders that parallels are coined about a camel’s disposition, such that you have sayings such as, ‘[So and so] is more spiteful than a camel,’ for camels are extremely spiteful, [likewise they are] greatly prone to escaping, even cutting their ropes no matter how strong they may be. That is why addressing the Arabs, camel herders, he  said, “it is more inclined to escape from the breasts of men than a camel from its rope.”

So if Muslims don’t give due care [to memorising the Quraan]and this is a communal obligation, if some people carry it out others don’t need to[if they don’t give due care] then they will be forced to read from the mushaf.

Were the Salaf as-Saalih like that? Of course not.

So, we must produce students who memorise the Quraan and recite it well, and who subsequently lead the people in prayer even if they are young children and those who pray behind them are old men, because priority is given to the one who has memorized it and not the scholar.

For this reason, many times Iand you can see that I am in my eighties nowwill pray behind the youth, because they have memorized more of the Quraan than me, doing so as an implementation of his saying , “The people should be lead by the one who is most well-versed in recitation of the Book of Allaah. If they are equal in recitation, then they should be led by the one who is most knowledgeable of the Sunnah. If they are equal in their knowledge of the Sunnah, then they should be led by the eldest.” Where was I [in this ranking]? In third place [i.e., the eldest]. “If they are equal in age, then they should be led by the one who emigrated first.”

So, the people should be lead by the one who is most well-versed in recitation of the Book of Allaah. So during taraaweeh the people must be lead by the one who is most well-versed in recitation of the Book of Allaah.

And when I say this I know that there could be young children who have memorised more than grown men, but these young children might not pray properly, [but] following this path and implementing this hadith is a legislated way to teach some of these children who have memorised the Quraan the [correct] method of praying, such that they pray it in congregation and lead the people in it, doing so proficiently as ordered by the Messenger of Allaah .

In conclusion I remind you of the hadith of a young boy from the Companions whose name was ’Amr ibn Abi Salamah, his father Abu Salamah was one of the earliest people of the Ansaar to believe in Allaah’s Messenger before he migrated to Medinah. These Ansaar used to go to Makkah on ’Umrah in order to meet the Prophet and to learn what new legislated rulings had been revealed to him. So one time his father travelled and then he and some of the elders from the Ansaar came back with a new ruling which the Prophet had taught them, which was to pray in congregation. Prior to that they would pray individually, so they came back with this new ruling, to pray in congregation, the Prophet having taught them this hadith, “The people should be lead by the one who is most well-versed in recitation of the Book of Allaah …”

[This young boy] ’Amr said, “So they looked around Medinah and didn’t find anyone more well-versed in the recitation of the Quraan than me, nor anyone who had memorised more than me,” and ’Amr’s age was between seven and nine, that’s what is mentioned in the narrations, i.e., at the most he was nine years old, so he said they put him forward to lead them in prayerelderly, grown men with beards praying behind a young boy of nine years at the most.

And as is mentioned in the hadith he was wearing a mantle, i.e., a loincloth made out of a heavy, velvety material. When he would prostrate it would raise up above him, and the women were praying behind the men as is the Sunnah, and some of his ’awrah would show. And so this boy had barely given salaam from the prayer when a woman called out from behind the men, “Won’t you cover the buttocks of your reciter from us?” The boy went on to say, “So they bought a thawb for me, and I had never been so happy with anything before as I was with that thawb.”

Thus, we must give due care to memorizing the Quraan and copying our Salaf as-Saalih.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 694.

On Holding the Mushaf Whilst Praying Taraweeh Behind the Imaam


Questioner: Is it allowed for someone who is following the Imaam in prayer, especially in taraweeh, standing behind the Imaam obviously, [is it allowed for him] to hold the mushaf [while praying] behind the Imaam so that he can look at it?

Al-Albaani: No, no that is not from the Sunnah.

Questioner: If he does it, is his prayer valid [though]?

Al-Albaani: His prayer is valid.

Questioner: But in opposition to the Sunnah?

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 679.

On Extending the Du’aa al-Qunoot in Witr


 

Questioner: Okay, is it allowed for the du’aa al-qunoot … because in the sunnah it is reported as being before the rukoo’, if we do it after the rukoo’  that would be …

Al-Albaani: … that would be following ’Umar etc., but the sunnah is dearer to us.

Questioner: Yes, doing it before the rukoo’ is better?

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Questioner: Okay, if we added an [additional] supplication to the du’aa al-qunoot which has been reported [in the Sunnah], is it allowed? The du’aa al-qunoot well-known as, ‘Allaahummahdini fi man hadaita …,’  if I add other supplications to that of my own accord?

Al-Albaani: No, it’s not allowed, except rarely.

Questioner: Only rarely.

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 326.

Also see here.

Dividing the Night Prayer into Two Sessions During the Last Ten Days of Ramadaan


 

Questioner: What happens these days, O Shaikh, during the last ten days of Ramadaan, where they split the prayer, the night prayer [tarawih], into two, [praying ten rak’ahs] at the start of the night [after ishaa] and [then ten more a few hours later] at the end [‘qiyaam al-lail’], this having become something permanent?

Al-Albaani: It’s an innovation.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 719.

Al-Albaani On Whether Long Fasting Hours Should Be Shortened—Part 2


See part one here.

Questioner: Fasting in countries where the day is long, more than twenty or twenty-two hours, some people say that it is permissible to fast according to the closest country to them.

Al-Albaani: Why do they say that?

Questioner: They’re going according to the hadith of Dajjaal …

Al-Albaani: And does that hadith

Questioner: They are performing qiyaas

Al-Albaani: Qiyaas of what to what?

What is better than that is for you to ask, ‘What is the correct opinion on this issue?’ [And] in order to facilitate the correct opinion which I will soon mention, [I ask]: is it possible for someone whose fast is twenty hours to do it, is it possible or not? This is the first thing.

Secondly, the sun rises where they are and sets, does it not? …

If the question were: what is the ruling [concerning people for whom] it is [constant] daylight for six months, as is the case in a certain country, and where after these six months, what takes its place? Night for six monthsit is here that what you alluded to earlier in terms of the qiyaas of forty days as in the time of Dajjaal [comes in to play], a day which will be like a year, another like a month, and the rest of his days will be like your [normal] days.

Okay, but your question was, [and] I don’t know whether it was intentional or not, … … if it wasn’t unintentional then [I say to you that] using the hadith of Dajjaal here is not possible because [in the case of those people who have a long day and have to fast long hours] the sun does [actually] rise and setthe most that can be said in this circumstance is [to ask] whether those who are required to fast [those] twenty hours can actually do it?

The answer, in my opinion, is that they can, and this is a general answer, maybe some of them can’tfor now we’re talking about those who can, it’s not allowed for these people to be given a fatwa that they are to fast in accordance with the hours of the country closest to them, bearing in mind the fact that this issue [of the hours] will differ from country to country and does not have a set yardstick by which to go … but [in contrast is] His Saying, “Fear Allah as much as you are able,” [Taghaabun 64:16] which is a precise, unabrogated principle.

So if the fast is sixteen hours long in some countries and shorter in others, the ruling doesn’t vary as regards the obligation of fasting due to the number of [such] hours being long or shortthus the regulating principle is that: if they see daybreak [fajr] they stop eating, and when they see the sun setting, they eat, this is what is obligatory on them.

And what may come to one’s mind is not said here, i.e., ‘That this is akin to oppression,’ far be it, because in response we will say that they will get their due in days to come, where instead of fasting twenty hours they might be fasting for ten, as is the [cyclical] nature of seasons.

Thus, the ruling is that whoever is able to is obligated to fast.

It is not allowed for them to align themselves to another country for the rising and setting of the sun.

And I believe, through personal experience, that a person has the strength and power, if he responds favourably to legislated rulings, to fast day and nightnot only to fast for twenty hours and eat during four, no, rather that he fasts day and night continuously [without eating at all], indeed some of the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ wanted to fast continuously without a break so the Prophet ﷺ forbade them from doing so, to which they responded, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! You fast continuously without a break.’ So he said, ‘I spend the night while my Lord provides me with food and drink.’

So if there are people who are able to carry out an unlegislated fast, which is to fast continuously night and day without a break, then it is more fitting that they are able to do this [normal] fast if their country according to the legislation obligates them to refrain from eating at daybreak and to eat at sunset, this is possible.

And I myself, since some of you may have read in my books, fasted for forty days not having any food or drink except a few sips of water. You all know through everyone’s experience that whoever eats a lot drinks a lot, and that whoever stays hungry and doesn’t eat doesn’t long for water except for only a very little which will keep him aliveand this is how I was for forty days, nothing entered my stomach except for very, very little water, so how can I not fast … [a normal fast which is long] … especially with the kinds of iftaar which we have been tested with nowadays, i.e., what we lost in the day we have there in the iftaar.

For this reason, I hold it to be a glaring error in such an instance where the sun can be seen rising and setting that we turn to [the timings of] another country.

As for the other situation where there is no day or night … and this is present in the North Pole a lot, then for this circumstance we say that they fast according to the nearest possible country to them, it is possible to say this [in such a situation]. And it is possible here that we take the hadith [of Dajjaal] concerning the prayer times, “You must make an estimate of its extent,” … because they [at the poles] have a day which is very, very long at half a year, and a long, long night for the other half, so it is possible to say that they make a moderate estimate, for example, and fast for twelve hours only … as for where the sun rises and sets, then it is not allowed.

Fataawa Jeddah, 3.

Al-Albaani On Whether Long Fasting Hours Should Be Shortened


Questioner: The Muslims in Sweden, a European country, in Ramadaan they have only three hours to eat after opening their fast, i.e., the sun sets at ten o’clock and rises at one.

Al-Albaani: Where?

Questioner: In Sweden.

Al-Albaani: In Sweden, yes.

Questioner: Yes there are Muslims …

Al-Albaani: Yes … yes ma’roof.

Questioner: They only have three hours during which to eat, and they fast for twenty-one, so they find it difficult. One brother told me that some people gave them a fatwa that they can start and break the fast according to the time in Makkah, so this fatwa ya’ni

Al-Albaani: I don’t hold … I don’t hold this fatwa to be correct. Since we can flip the situation and say that a season will come where the situation will be the opposite, where they will fast for three hours or thereabouts and they will be able to eat for the remainder of those twenty four hours, clear?

Questioner: I don’t think …

Al-Albaani: Have you studied any geography?

Questioner: No, only a little.

Al-Abaani: Do you know that the sun, ya’ni, is hidden in the North Pole for half the year such that they don’t see it, and in the other half it’s the opposite of that totally, are you aware of that or not?

Questioner: My hold on geography [is weak], O Shaikh.

Al-Albaani:  So you don’t know that, it is something well-known.

Questioner: Yes.

Al-Albaani: And [then] between this and that [i.e., between the North and South poles] you have seasons in those countries, ya’ni, in the two poles you have night for half the year and day for half, [it is] in such a situation [that] the question as to what should be done is posed.

But those who are closer to us, [closer] to the equator, the closer they get to us the more uniform time becomes for them, you know that at the equator day and night are totally equal?

Questioner: Yes.

Al-Albaani: Yes, but it changes totally the higher or lower you go, so that you get a period in those countries where instead of the twenty or twenty-one hours they fast and the three hours they can eat, about half a year later it’s the total opposite of that.

That’s why I say to them your account is being accumulated in terms of what is coming [i.e., a time will come when your fast will be very short], and I do not give them a fatwa that they should fast according to [the timings of] their neighbouring countries, because the [following] aayahs apply to them: And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night], [Baqarah 2:187] in contrast to those we told you about in the North Pole who do not see the sun at all, there is no morning, no ’ishaa, nothing, [it is] these people [who] estimate the value as has been clearly stated in the authentic hadith about the Dajjaal in which the Prophet ﷺ upon informing his Companions that the Dajjaal would be there for how many days? Thirty or forty?

Questioner: Forty.

Someone else: Forty days.

Al-Albaani: Forty days. One of his days will equal a year, the next a month, the third a week and the rest will be like these days of yours. The question arose as to how they should pray [during that time]? He said, “You must make an estimate of its extent.”

So, making an estimate in that long year, what will the Muslims want to base that estimate on? On what they were accustomed to.

Now with the presence of watches it is very easy for them to estimate … if we supposed that the Muslims had a year-long dark night such that day and night were combined [into one], which happens at the two poles as we mentioned, in such an instance they have to make an estimate.

As for every country in which the sun can be seen setting and rising, and what that results in in terms of fajr­—then these people have to fast even if the duration of the fast seems long to them, and our Lord عز وجل says in the Noble Quran: And if Allaah had willed, He could have put you in difficulty, [Baqarah: 2:220] [but] He didn’t will difficulty for us, alhamdulillaah.

If such a situation does occur in some countries then soon enough they will get copious amounts of ease in place of that increased discomfort [when the day becomes short and their fasting becomes easier].

This is my answer and it is correct, inshaa Allaah.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 237.

See part two here.

On the Correct Method of Exhorting a Dying Person to Say the Shahaadah


 

The Imaam said, “[What is meant by] exhorting a dying person to say Laa ilaaha illallaah at the time of death [i.e., the talqeen] is not that the shahaadah be mentioned in his presence and that he [just] be made to hear it—rather it is that he be directed to say it—in opposition to what some people think, and the proof is the hadith of Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him, ‘That Allaah’s Messenger visited a man from the Ansaar, and said, ‘O maternal uncle! Say, ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah!’ So he said, ‘[Am I] a maternal or paternal uncle?’ So he said, ‘A maternal one.’ He said, ‘Is it better for me to say, ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah?’’ So the Prophet said, ‘Yes.’”

Ahkaamul-Janaaiz, p. 20.

Al-Albaani’s Humility


 

The Imaam said, “… alhamdulillaah, but I will tell you something in addition to that too, the reality is that every beginner student of knowledge, and I used to be one—and maybe I still am—…”

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 458.

Al-Albaani Leading Ishaa Prayer


The Mistake of Prostrating Before the Imaam


The Imaam said, “The brother here ­also reminded [us of] another ­­calamity common amongst those who pray and which is in opposition to the Sunnah: Al-Baraa ibn ’Aazib, may Allaah be pleased with him, said that when we would pray behind the Prophet ﷺ we would not prostrate until we saw that the Prophet ﷺ had placed his forehead on the ground.

Nowadays after saying, ‘Sami’Allaahu liman hamidah, Rabbanaa wa lakal-Hamd,’ the Imaam will barely have said, ‘Allaahu Akbar,’ except that the people [behind him] will have fallen down into prostration with him—this is a mistake.

He would say, ‘Allaahu Akbar,’ and when he was seen to have finished going into prostration and had placed his forehead on the ground, it was then that the row behind him would start to go into prostration with him ﷺ.”

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 183.

The Sufis and Made Up Narrations


Questioner: I heard a Sufi shaikh mention a hadith, or what he thinks is a hadith, that the Prophet came back from an expedition with some of his Companions, and some of them got together and stood in a circle, each one holding the others hands, remembering Allaah. And then Mu’aawiyah ibn Abu Sufyaan passed by them and said, ‘What is this play?’ To which the Prophet replied, ‘On the contrary, this is the remembrance of Allaah.’ The shaikh never mentioned any of the well known sources [as to where this hadith came from], so is this [in fact] a hadith or …?

Al-Albaani: And it is right that he never mentioned a source for it—because a person can’t give what he doesn’t have [in the first place], this hadith has no basis. And it behooves the student of knowledge who is discerning regarding his religion that whenever he hears a hadith from someone, he says, ‘Bring your proof if you are truthful … where did you get this hadith from? Is it in the two Saheehs? Is it in the four Sunans? Is it in the ten musnads? Is …? Is …?’ and so on.

And he [i.e., the Sufi shaikh] will, without doubt, be unable to produce it because no such narration exists—and it is known that in order to support their deviation from the religion these Sufis hang on to flights of fancy, i.e., they attach themselves to delusions which have no reality.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 83.

On Letting the Beard Grow in Excess of a Fistful


Questioner: We’ve heard that you say that letting the beard flow is just like letting the garments hang below the ankles?

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Questioner: That is your stance?

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Questioner: That means that whatever is in excess of a fistful is haraam?

Al-Albaani: We’ve spoken about that before.

Questioner: That it is haraam to let the beard flow in excess of a fistful?

Al-Albaani: Yes, we said it is haraam, a newly invented matter, i.e., an innovation in the religion.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 527.

The Fast of ’Aashuraa and Responding to an Invite


Questioner: Ustaadh, supposing that it’s ’Aashuraa, the fast of [the Day of] ’Aashuraa, and a person close to you has called you over for lunch, if you don’t go, he’ll get upset, so should you take up his invite or complete your fast?

Al-Albaani: If you don’t go he’ll get upset?

Questioner: He’ll get upset.

Al-Albaani: Go, but if there’s no harm [in not going] and he won’t get upset then he supplicates for him and completes his fast.

Questioner: So ’Aashuraa is like other optional acts of worship.

Al-Albaani: Optional, but it has special merit.

Questioner: Responding to an invite is regarded as being obligatory?

Al-Albaani: Yes.

Questioner: When a Muslim invites you then you must respond to his invitation, so the thing which is obligatory is given precedence over that which is optional.

Al-Albaani: That’s it, but if he accepts the excuse then he supplicates for him and asks Allaah to forgive him, if he doesn’t accept [his refusal] then he goes.

Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 25/2.

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